There are a total of about 196 countries (Even though Taiwan is not considered a country). Countries have their own people living in the homeland and there are called locals. All the countries have their own government and their own society but some of the countries in the 19th century became under pressure and they were forced to dissolve.
The list below shows the top 10 Countries that don’t exist in the world today. These countries were located on the world map in the 19th century but they have now been dissolving in many parts of the countries that are on the world map now.
- East Germany (1949-1990)
East Germany takes the 10th spot in the list of the top 10 that don’t exist in the world today. East Germany was made by the Soviets after the WWII. East Germany was renowned for its walls and precision shooting. The East Germany was part of the USSR and after the USSR fell and the Notorious Wall was broken is when East Germany dissolves in 1990 to West Germany.
- Czechoslovakia (1918-1992)
Czechoslovakia makes it to the 9th spot on the list of the top 10 countries that don’t exist in the world today. Czechoslovakia was formed from the pieces and remnants of Austro-Hungarian Empire. The size of Czechoslovakia decreased after the WWII. Czechoslovakia had the city of Prague as capital. People of Czechoslovakia usually spoke Czech and Slovak. After the Velvet Revolution against the Soviet Union in 1989, the communists were overthrown and Vaclav Havel took over but the success was short-lived as Czechoslovakia was facing Dissolution in 1992.
- Yugoslavia (1918-1992)
The Empire of Yugoslavia was very huge. Yugoslavia was formed after the WWI. Like Czechslovakia, Yugoslavia was also formed from the territories of Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Empire had autocratic monarchy that fell after the German invasion and it became part of the German Empire. However the Yugoslavians were able to escape from the Soviet Union after they attacked Germans in 1945. They still weren’t able to escape Communism. After the fall of USSR in 1991, Yugoslavia broke up in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.
- Austro-Hungary (1867-1918)
Austro-Hungary is one of the biggest empires on the list of the top 10 countries that don’t exist today. This empire was formed by the merging of Empire of Austria and Kingdom of Hungary. It has both Vienna and Budapest as the capitals. Austro-Hungary was the world’s great country at its time. After the dissolution in 1918, the Austro-Hungary was divided between modern countries like Austria, Hungary, Italy and Poland as well as Romania. Austro-Hungary takes the 7th spot in this list.
- Tibet (1913-1951)
Tibet was able to become an independent country after the year 1913. The Tibetan land was governed under the peaceful Dalai Lamas. Tibet faced dissolution in the year 1951 after they ran into Mao Zedong forces that captured Tibet in the year 1951. This place today is considered as a region, not a country.
- South Vietnam (1955-1975)
South Vietnam was part of the southern half Vietnam. It was declared an independent country after 1949 and became to be known as the State of Vietnam. South Vietnam had Saigon as its capital. After 1954 South Vietnam became a Communist Party. There were many uprisings within South Vietnam and every government had a short-lived period due military coups. The Vietnam War had started in 1956 between Northern half of Vietnam and Southern half of Vietnam. The Vietnam War came to an end in 1975 when South Vietnam dissolve to make a Vietnam after the capital of South Vietnam, Saigon, fell.
- United Arab Republic (1958-1961)
The United Arab Republic is the shortest country to have ever existed in the list. It only existed for 3 years. The United Arab Republic was part of a political union between Egypt and Syria. As the union collapsed, so did the United Arab Republic as the Syrian took control of the United Arab Republic in the 1961 Syrian coup d’état.
- Ottoman Empire (1299-1922)
The Ottoman Empire was dissolved at the end of WWI. The WWI was between England and German and the Turks supported the Germans. As the Germans lost the war, the Ottomans also had to suffer punishment. The British applied treaty of Sevres on the empire which meant the breaking of the empire. To protect their own interests, Kemal Attaturk overthrew the Khalifa, Muhammad VI and made himself President. Democracy was replaced by Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire was broken.
- Sikkim, 8th century (CE 1975)
Sikkim was located in the sub-continent and shard a border with China. This state was located in the Himalayan Mountains. It was the least populated land in the sub-continent in it age. When the land of Tibet was conquered by the Chinese, The people of Sikkim thought that is was better to join India than China so they merged with the state of India and is located near the Bengal region
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) (1922-1991)
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republic takes the 1st spot in the list of the top 10 countries that don’t exist today. The Empire of the USSR was at its Peak in the 19th century. It consisted of modern cities like Tajikistan, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan etc. The biggest state in the USSR Empire was the state of Russia. In WWII USSR took the side of Germany and rejected the British and French alliance. In the 1980’s, Mikhail Gorbachev reformed the USSR in a way which was dislike by the different states. This led to a rise of nationalist and separatist movement. Central parts of USSR boycotted and referendums took place and they detached themselves from the USSR. The government recognizing it did not have enough power to govern resigned and the states separated themselves in 1991 and the USSR Empire dissolved.